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From the fetus who pee without a qualm in his amniotic fluid, to the child of 2 or 3 years claiming the pot to voluntarily make his needs, there is a long way to go: that of the acquisition of cleanliness. Step by step, here is how to accompany it.
Cleanliness, when will it be ready?
- First, a little reminder of anatomy: the kidneys filter the waste transported by the blood and turn it into urine that descends from each kidney to the bladder through a channel, the ureter. The bladder is closed by a small circular muscle, the sphincter, which expands at the same time as the bladder contracts, allowing urination or elimination of the pee.
- Nerve conduction, allowing your toddler to perceive the sensations and control his sphincters, is finalized between 9e and the 24e about month. Meanwhile, his nervous system is not mature enough yet. He is totally subject to reflexes depending on the spinal cord: he urinates automatically without thinking. When her bladder is full ... she just empties herself! The same goes for stool. The sphincter of the rectum expands under the pressure of the fecal matter.
1-2 years: signs indicating that it can be clean
- During this second year, the neurological maturation of your child is progressing rapidly. When he is able to meet a number of psychomotor challenges, you can deduce that he is able to act by the will on the opening and closing of his sphincters.
- He gets up easily when he falls? He knows how to go up and down a staircase alone? He shoots in a balloon in a given direction? He managed to carry a bucket full of water? He is physically ready to become clean. He is between 18 and 22 months, sometimes less ... sometimes more!
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